When it comes to treating alcoholism, the main goal is to be able to properly abstain. There is a high likelihood that the alcoholic will recover provided that he is in good health with proper support from friends and family and has enough motivation. Around more than half of the alcoholics who go through Alcohol and Drug Rehab are still able to abstain a year after their treatment and quite a number are able to avoid alcohol all throughout permanently.
However, people who have gone through treatment but don’t get proper support, lacks motivation, or has psychiatric disorders have a great chance of becoming an alcoholic again within a year or so. Alcoholics in this situation find it a lot harder to succeed and their success has to be measured by being able to abstain for longer periods of time and exposed to better social interaction to provide moral support.
In order for the treatment process to actually begin, the alcoholic himself must be made aware of the severity of the problem. If the alcoholic doesn’t recognize his alcohol addiction then a solution would never be made possible. It is important that the alcoholic will agree to the treatment and have the motivation to end his alcohol addiction. Once he is willing to proceed with the treatment, he will go through three different stages in the Alcohol and Drug Rehab process.
1.) Alcohol detoxification – This stage involves the period in which the alcoholic is put through alcohol withdrawal. It is important that the patient is properly monitored by medical professionals during this period because the effects of alcohol withdrawal can be very serious and can result in hallucinations, seizures, and even in death. Doctors usually provide medication to help patients with the symptoms.
If the patient is a long-term alcoholic, then the effects of alcohol withdrawal will be a lot more severe. As mentioned it may even result in death having a mortality rate of 10 percent or more to be exact. In cases like this, the patient should really be monitored more strictly.
2.) Alcohol Rehabilitation – The stage of alcohol rehabilitation focus on providing support through Alcohol Addiction Counseling. Medication may also be provided to assist the patient in keeping himself sober. This stage in the entire process can be done either inpatient or outpatient. The greater the support the patient receives, the more likely he is able to recover from alcoholism and be capable of abstaining.
3.) Sober maintenance – This part in the treatment process requires a lot of discipline in the part of the patient. Here the patient must abstain from any alcohol and keep himself sober. The patient may also go to counseling sessions in order to keep social interaction among other ex-alcoholics. For the treatment to succeed, a lot of motivation and support is needed in this stage of the process.
Should the patient lack any moral support or lose motivation to quit drinking there will be a high chance that he will go back to drinking alcohol and remaining an alcoholic.